Skin Discoloration – What is it & what are the Causes?

Skin Discoloration  What is it & what are the CausesRegardless of what our skin color is, we all want a uniform, even, and neat skin. But sometimes discoloured areas appear on our face, giving rise to blotchy and uneven skin appearance. This skin discoloration will not only destroy the appearance and shatter our confidence, but it can also be an indication for a serious skin condition.

What is Skin Discoloration?

Melanocytes are special types of cells which produce a pigment in our skin known as ‘melanin’. This pigment is responsible for providing the color to our skin, hair and nails and protects our skin from harmful UV rays of the sun.

Sometimes our skin starts producing too little or too much melanin than its normal level in certain skin areas, which results in lighter or darker areas on the skin, known as skin discoloration.

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How to Recognize Skin Discoloration?

Knowing what the signs of skin discoloration can help you fix the problem as soon as it originates. If you have a discoloured skin, you might have any one of these conditions.

  • Dark & rough patches in certain skin areas
  • Light, dry & flat patches in certain skin areas
  • Freckles & brown spots in certain skin areas
  • Dark areas left after skin injury, acne or scratches
  • Flaky appearance of the skin in few areas

Causes of Skin Discoloration:

Following are some of the most common causes of skin discoloration.

1: Skin Burns: When the skin burns, it loses its normal color and it does not return until the skin heals properly. If the burn is milder, the skin will be healed by using antibiotics, chemical peels, ointments and keeping the burnt area clean. If the skin burn is intensive, techniques like skin grafting therapy, laser resurfacing and microdermabrasion can be used.

2: Sun Burn: Excessive and prolonged sun exposure will not only create brown spots and freckles on skin, but it also dilates our blood vessels making them look prominent on our face. In severe circumstances, it also leads to melanoma, basal or squamous cell cancer. Wearing a sun block with SPF 30 or higher can help prevent temporary skin discoloration caused by sun. For more skin related tips, visit:

3: Acne Marks: Sometimes our skin starts producing excess sebum than what’s required as a result of hormonal changes in our body. This excess sebum clogs our pores and results in acne, and when it ends, leave ugly scars (dark skin) on our face, chest and back. Some of these scars are temporary and fades away on their own while others need treatments like acne scar surgery, laser skin resurfacing, dermabrasion, injections or chemical peeling.

4: Skin Disorders: Two types of skin disorders, i.e.’ Vitiligo’ and ‘Tinea Verisolor’ are the major causes of lighter skin discoloration. Vitiligo is a disorder in which either small or large dry and rough patches appear on the skin, chest and back. Tinea Verisolor is caused by a fungal infection when lighter skin areas appear and continue to become larger with time. These disorders are treated with steroids, creams and pills.